III, p. The Golden Legend: Readings on the Saints, vol. Nadia Margolis. Medieval Hagiography: An Anthology. Thomas Head London: Garland Publishing, His character also provided Joan with a religious martial figure upon whom to base her behavior as a soldier. Like the Crusaders of old, who also invoked Michael to support and patronize their endeavors, Joan fought both eagerly and fiercely, but claimed she did so with the permission and support of God.
Joan of Arc and Richard III: Sex, Saints, and Government in the Middle Ages by Charles T. Wood
Both women were early Christian nobles who fought off Roman threats to their virginity, defiantly professed their religion to their pagan rulers, were tortured, and, refusing to renounce their beliefs, ultimately killed. Although alike, the two martyrs were separated by some distinct characteristics. Margaret, while 14 Trial, p. She refused to reveal aspects of her revelations, even if the court threatened to behead her,26 and, when faced with torture, Joan still refused to recant. Larissa Tracy.
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Cambridge: D. Brewer, Margaret Pelagia. There are no sources prior to the Legenda that mention Margaret Pelagia. She shares characteristics with both Margaret and Catherine, but the cross-dressing element of her virgin martyrdom sets her apart from those saints she might be confused with. She does not debate or defy, however; instead, Margaret Pelagia cuts off her hair, dresses like a man, and flees to a monastery in the middle of the night.
Margaret Pelagia is subsequently martyred through starvation, but leaves her fellow monks a letter divulging her true gender. These monks realize the errors of their accusation, acknowledge Margaret Pelagia as a virgin, and bury her with the other sisters. Margaret Pelagia served Joan on a personal level by guiding her out of her old life and into her mission, after which point Saints Michael, Margaret, and Catherine took 28 Trial, p. Margaret Pelagia in the Legenda Aurea.
Joan of Arc and Richard III: Sex, Saints, and Government in the Middle Ages
When asked about fleeing her home, thereby disobeying her parents, Joan replied that her flight was the will of God, and necessary to further the mission He had set out for her. In theory, such a rapport with the saints and their traditions should have imparted Joan with some spiritual authority. There is one problem, however—Joan was not only a woman, but also a secular peasant. Oxford: Oxford University Press, For example, the power of a priest to preach to his flock is articulate power. He has been trained and vested with the authority to do so, so long as he stays in line with the beliefs of the more powerful authority, the Church.
Inarticulate power is, as Brown notes, less tangible. She expounds accepted religious notions about the saints and sanctity, but lacks the social position from which to wield religious authority.
Instead, Joan, albeit unconsciously, supplements any vestiges of articulate power with inarticulate 36 Warner, Joan of Arc, p. Jill Kraye , W. Schmitt - Charles Zuckerman - - Journal of the History of Ideas 36 4 Charles T. Wood - - Speculum 77 1 Added to PP index Total views 18 , of 2,, Recent downloads 6 months 2 , of 2,, How can I increase my downloads? Sign in to use this feature.
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History of Western Philosophy. Normative ethics. Philosophy of biology. Philosophy of language. Philosophy of mind. Brunet, Alexander The Regal Armorie of Great Britain. London: Henry Kent. Buck, George A Complete History of England.
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Costello, Louisa Stuart London: W. Davies, C. Ferguson, Richard S. A History of Cumberland. London: Elliot Stock. Gairdner, James In Lee, Sidney ed. Dictionary of National Biography. New York: Macmillan.
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